- Period: 2015-10-05 2018-10-31
Ministère de l'agriculture, des pêcheries et de l'alimentation
The Canadienne is the most ancient bovine breed in North America. Its rustic characteristics (elements that are more and more missing in other breeds) make it an invaluable genetic resource. The low headcount of the breed is a problem. The herd is estimated at 1,200 animals with inbreeding at 8,75% (Canadian Dairy Network 2014). It is generally considered that a threshold under 6,25% is peferable. All stakeholders involved in the valuation of the milk and genetics of the Canadienne are aware of the need to manage this breed's gene pool. This project thus aim to use genomic tools to describe the population at the genetic level in order to efficiently manage and ultimately revive the popularity of this breed. This would enable the development of a unique expertise in the management of limited populations in order to ensure the sustainability and improvement of the breed. This project will provide the required fundation for the characterization of the genetic factors responsible for the Canadienn resistance and the improvement of the health and longevity of other breeds. This project is also in line with the priorities of the "livre Vert pour une politique bioalimentaire" (MAPAQ). Indeed, certain regions of Quebec take advantage of the Canadienne's characteristics for the production of fine cheeses that showcase Quebec products.