- Publication date : 1997-03-07
Leclerc P, de Lamirande E, Gagnon C. Cyclic adenosine 3',5'monophosphate-dependent regulation of protein tyrosine phosphorylation in relation to human sperm capacitation and motility. Biol. Reprod. 1996;55:684-92. PubMed PMID: 8862788.
adenylyl cyclases animals bucladesine cricetinae cyclic amp cyclic amp-dependent protein kinases enzyme activation humans in vitro techniques male molecular weight phosphodiesterase inhibitors phosphoproteins phosphotyrosine protein tyrosine phosphatases sperm capacitation sperm motility spermatozoa
The involvement of cAMP in the process of sperm capacitation has been the subject of several studies. In addition, the importance of protein-tyrosine phosphorylation in this process has been investigated, although only a few studies have been reported in the human. Since agents regulating the intracellular concentrations of cAMP affect sperm capacitation rates, the role of cAMP on the expression of phosphotyrosine-containing proteins was investigated during human sperm capacitation. Fetal cord serum ultrafiltrate, a known capacitation inducer in human spermatozoa, caused an increase in the phosphotyrosine content of 105- and 81-kDa proteins (p105 and p81), the two major phosphotyrosine-containing proteins of human spermatozoa. Similar effects were observed when spermatozoa were incubated with phosphodiesterase inhibitors or cell-permeant cAMP analogs, suggesting that cAMP is involved in these two processes. Forskolin, an adenylyl cyclase activator, also caused an increase in both sperm capacitation rates and tyrosine phosphorylation of p105 and p81, while 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate stimulated both capacitation and tyrosine phosphorylation of p105 and p81 only when spermatozoa were incubated in the presence of bicarbonate, in agreement with its reported effects on cAMP production and hamster sperm capacitation. The inhibition of these phenomena by cAMP-dependent protein kinase inhibitors, and the stimulation by protein phosphatase inhibitors, suggest that Ser/Thr protein phosphorylation plays an important role in the regulation of both sperm capacitation and protein-tyrosine phosphorylation pathways. However, observations that both calyculin A and okadaic acid stimulated sperm capacitation, whereas only calyculin A increased p105 and p81 phosphotyrosine content and sperm velocity, suggest that protein phosphatase PP1 is involved in the two latter phenomena while PP2A mediates sperm capacitation. These results suggest that divergent pathways might regulate tyrosine phosphorylation of p105 and p81 and sperm capacitation after cAMP-dependent phosphorylation of an intermediate protein.