- Publication date : 2021-11-17
Mourrain L, Boissonneault G. DNA Repair in Haploid Context. Int J Mol Sci. 2021;22(22):12418. Published 2021 Nov 17. doi:10.3390/ijms222212418
DNA Repair in Haploid Context
Schizosaccharomyces pombe Saccharomyces cerevisiae gametes diploid haploid DNA repair
DNA repair is a well-covered topic as alteration of genetic integrity underlies many pathological conditions and important transgenerational consequences. Surprisingly, the ploidy status is rarely considered although the presence of homologous chromosomes dramatically impacts the repair capacities of cells. This is especially important for the haploid gametes as they must transfer genetic information to the offspring. An understanding of the different mechanisms monitoring genetic integrity in this context is, therefore, essential as differences in repair pathways exist that differentiate the gamete’s role in transgenerational inheritance. Hence, the oocyte must have the most reliable repair capacity while sperm, produced in large numbers and from many differentiation steps, are expected to carry de novo variations. This review describes the main DNA repair pathways with a special emphasis on ploidy. Differences between Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Schizosaccharomyces pombe are especially useful to this aim as they can maintain a diploid and haploid life cycle respectively.