- Publication date : 2017-12-24
Boutin A, Gasse C, Demers S, Blanchet G, Giguère Y, Bujold E. Does Low PAPP-A Predict Adverse Placenta-Mediated Outcomes in a Low-Risk Nulliparous Population? the Great Obstetrical Syndromes (GOS) Study. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2017;:. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2017.08.047. PubMed PMID: 29274935.
First-trimester low concentration of pregnancy-associated plasma protein A (PAPP-A) has been associated with adverse perinatal outcomes in high-risk populations. This study aimed to estimate the ability of PAPP-A to identify adverse outcomes in a low-risk population.The study investigators recruited nulliparous women with singleton pregnancy at their 11-13-week ultrasound scan. Serum samples were collected, and maternal PAPP-A concentration was measured using the B ⋅ R ⋅ A ⋅ H ⋅ M ⋅ S PAPP-A KRYPTOR (ThermoFisher Scientific, Hennigsdorf, Germany) automated assay. PAPP-A was reported in multiple of median (MoM) adjusted for GA. Participants were followed until delivery for pregnancy outcomes including preeclampsia (PE), SGA <3rd percentile, and fetal death. Receiver operating characteristic curves with the area under the curve (AUC) were used to evaluate the predictive value of PAPP-A. The investigators calculated the detection rates (DRs) and positive predictive values (PPVs) of a PAPP-A < 0.4 MoM.The study investigators recruited 4739 eligible participants at a mean GA of 13 ± 6 weeks. The investigators observed 232 (4.9%) cases of PE, 84 (1.8%) cases of SGA, and 14 (0.3%) fetal deaths. PAPP-A was moderately associated with PE (AUC 0.57; 95% CI 0.53-0.61) and SGA (AUC 0.62; 95% CI 0.56-0.69), but not with fetal death (AUC 0.43; 95% CI 0.23-0.63). PAPP-A < 0.4 MoM was observed in 364 (7.7%) participants and had poor predictive values for PE (DR 9.8%; PPV 6.3%), SGA (DR 18.1%; PPV 4.4%), and fetal death (DR 21.4%; PPV 0.9%).Isolated first trimester PAPP-A has a limited predictive value for adverse pregnancy outcomes (other than trisomies). Low PAPP-A (<0.4 MoM) should be used in combination with other markers for the prediction of PE, SGA, or fetal death, and it does not constitute an indication for low-dose aspirin.