- Publication date : 2013-05-17
Sylvestre EL, Robert C, Pennetier S, Labrecque R, Gilbert I, Dufort I, Léveillé MC, Sirard MA. Evolutionary conservation of the oocyte transcriptome among vertebrates and its implications for understanding human reproductive function. Mol. Hum. Reprod. 2013;19:369-79. doi: 10.1093/molehr/gat006. PubMed PMID: 23340479.
amino acid sequence animals biological evolution cattle conserved sequence embryo, mammalian embryo, nonmammalian female gene expression profiling gene expression regulation, developmental humans mice molecular sequence data oocytes pregnancy sequence homology, amino acid transcriptome xenopus laevis
Cross-phylum and cross-species comparative transcriptomic analyses provide an evolutionary perspective on how specific tissues use genomic information. A significant mRNA subset present in the oocytes of most vertebrates is stabilized or stored for post-LH surge use. Since transcription is arrested in the oocyte before ovulation, this RNA is important for completing maturation and sustaining embryo development until zygotic genome activation. We compared the human oocyte transcriptome with an oocyte-enriched subset of mouse, bovine and frog (Xenopus laevis) genes in order to evaluate similarities between species. Graded temperature stringency hybridization on a multi-species oocyte cDNA array was used to measure the similarity of preferentially expressed sequences to the human oocyte library. Identity analysis of 679 human orthologs compared with each identified official gene symbol found in the subtractive (somatic-oocyte) libraries comprising our array revealed that bovine/human similarity was greater than mouse/human or frog/human similarity. However, based on protein sequence, mouse/human similarity was greater than bovine/human similarity. Among the genes over-expressed in oocytes relative to somatic tissue in Xenopus, Mus and Bos, a high level of conservation was found relative to humans, especially for genes involved in early embryonic development.