- Publication date : 2004-08-10
Favetta LA, Robert C, King WA, Betts DH. Expression profiles of p53 and p66shc during oxidative stress-induced senescence in fetal bovine fibroblasts. Exp. Cell Res. 2004;299:36-48. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2004.05.009. PubMed PMID: 15302571.
adaptor proteins, signal transducing adaptor proteins, vesicular transport animals anoxia cattle cell aging cell division cells, cultured dose-response relationship, drug fetus fibroblasts gene expression regulation oxidative stress oxygen phosphorylation protein processing, post-translational rna, messenger serine shc signaling adaptor proteins tumor suppressor protein p53 up-regulation
Somatic cells undergo a permanent cell cycle arrest, called cellular senescence, after a limited number of cell divisions in vitro. Both the tumor suppressor protein p53 and the stress-response protein p66(shc) are suggested to regulate the molecular events associated with senescence. This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of different oxygen tensions and oxidative stress on cell longevity and to establish the role of p53 and p66(shc) in cells undergoing senescence. As a model of cellular senescence, primary fetal bovine fibroblasts were cultured in either 20% O(2) or 5% O(2) atmospheres until senescence was reached. Fibroblasts cultured under 20% O(2) tension underwent senescence after 30 population doublings (PD), whereas fibroblasts cultured under 5% O(2) tension did not exhibit signs of senescence. Oxidative stress, as measured by protein carbonyl content, was significantly elevated in senescent cells compared to their younger counterparts and to fibroblasts cultured under 5% O(2) at the same PD. p53 mRNA gradually decreased in 20% O(2) cultured fibroblasts until senescence was reached, whereas p53 protein levels were significantly increased as well as p53 phosphorylation on serine 20, suggesting that p53 might be stabilized by posttranslational modifications during senescence. Senescence was also associated with high levels of p66(shc) mRNA and protein levels, while the levels remained low and stable in dividing fibroblasts under 5% O(2) atmosphere. Taken together, our results show an effect of oxidative stress on the replicative life span of fetal bovine fibroblasts as well as an involvement of p53, serine 20-p53 phosphorylation and p66(shc) in senescence.