- Publication date : 2021-12-30
Hébert-Mercier PO, Bergeron F, Robert NM, Mehanovic S, Pierre KJ, Mendoza-Villarroel RE, de Mattos K, Brousseau C, Tremblay JJ. Growth hormone-induced STAT5B regulates Star gene expression through a cooperation with cJUN in mouse MA-10 Leydig cells. Endocrinology. 2021 Dec 30:bqab267. doi: 10.1210/endocr/bqab267. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34967898.
Growth hormone-induced STAT5B regulates Star gene expression through a cooperation with cJUN in mouse MA-10 Leydig cells
hGH Synergy Steroidogenic Acute Regulatory Protein Steroidogenesis Leydig cells JAK-STAT AP-1
Leydig cells produce androgens that are essential for male sex differentiation and reproductive function. Leydig cell function is regulated by several hormones and signaling molecules, including growth hormone (GH). Although GH is known to upregulate Star gene expression in Leydig cells, its molecular mechanism of action remains unknown. The STAT5B transcription factor is a downstream effector of GH signaling in other systems. While STAT5B is present in both primary and Leydig cell lines, its function in these cells has yet to be ascertained. Here we report that treatment of MA-10 Leydig cells with GH or overexpression of STAT5B induces Star mRNA levels and increases steroid hormone output. The mouse Star promoter contains a consensus STAT5B element (TTCnnnGAA) at -756 bp to which STAT5B binds in vitro (EMSA and supershift) and in vivo (ChIP) in a GH-induced manner. In functional promoter assays, STAT5B was found to activate a -980 bp mouse Star reporter. Mutating the -756 bp element prevented STAT5B binding but did not abrogate STAT5B-responsiveness. STAT5B was found to functionally cooperate with DNA-bound cJUN. The STAT5B/cJUN cooperation was only observed in Leydig cells and not in Sertoli or fibroblast cells, indicating that additional Leydig cell-enriched transcription factors are required. The STAT5B/cJUN cooperation was lost only when both STAT5B and cJUN elements were mutated. In addition to identifying the Star gene as a novel target for STAT5B in Leydig cells, our data provide important new insights into the mechanism of GH and STAT5B action in the regulation of Leydig cell function.