- Publication date : 2018-10-23
Fillion A, Boutin A, Gareau-Léonard A, Labine L, Gasse C, Gaudreau C, Demers S, Bujold E. Use of Antenatal Corticosteroid Therapy: A Descriptive Study of Clinical Practice Trends. J Obstet Gynaecol Can. 2018 Oct 23. pii: S1701-2163(18)30523-1. doi: 10.1016/j.jogc.2018.06.001. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 30366885.
Antenatal corticosteroids (ACS) received within 7 days of delivery reduce perinatal morbidity and mortality associated with preterm birth. We aimed to describe the trends of ACS administration over the last decade.
A cohort study of women who received ACS in 2006, 2011, and 2016 at the CHU de Québec-Université Laval was conducted. The indication, GA at ACS, and GA at birth, were collected in 150 women randomly selected in each studied year. Our main endpoints were the frequency of ACS administration within 7 days of delivery and between 48 hours and 7 days before delivery.
We included 447 women who received ACS at a median GA of 31.4 (range 23.6-39.0) weeks. No women received ACS after 35 weeks in 2006 and 2011. The administration of ACS for indicated delivery between 35 and 39 weeks occurred only in the last study period. Among women for whom ACS was initiated before 35 weeks, 31% received ACS in the 7 days before delivery, and only 13% received ACS between 48 hours and 7 days before birth (varying from 12% to 16%, P = 0.57). Threatened preterm labour or short cervix were the indication for ACS initiation in 39% women who received ACS before 35 weeks, but less than 5% of these women delivered between 2 and 7 days and more than 90% delivered after 14 days.
Administration of ACS remains suboptimal. Threatened preterm labour and short cervix are poorly related to optimal use of ACS therapy.