- Publication date : 2004-12-31
Bailey JL, Tardif S, Dubé C, Beaulieu M, Reyes-Moreno C, Lefièvre L, Leclerc P. Use of phosphoproteomics to study tyrosine kinase activity in capacitating boar sperm. Kinase activity and capacitation. Theriogenology. 2005;63:599-614. doi: 10.1016/j.theriogenology.2004.09.034. PubMed PMID: 15626419.
animals electrophoresis, gel, two-dimensional male molecular weight phosphoproteins phosphotyrosine protein-tyrosine kinases proteomics spectrometry, mass, matrix-assisted laser desorption-ionization sperm capacitation swine
It is generally accepted that sperm capacitation is associated with the protein kinase A-mediated appearance of tyrosine phosphoproteins, although the substrates and kinase(s) involved have not been identified. We described a Mr 32,000 tyrosine phosphoprotein, "p32", appearing in porcine sperm coincident with capacitation. We also discovered a tyrosine kinase-like enzyme in boar sperm of Mr 32,000 ("TK-32") with enhanced activity during capacitation. The present work was conducted to further characterize and to identify these capacitation-related protein(s). Fresh porcine sperm were incubated to induce capacitation then immunoprecipitation, immunoblotting and proteomic analysis revealed seven tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins aligned in the range of Mr 30,000 with different isoelectric pH values (pI). Therefore, p32 may be composed of several tyrosine phosphoproteins. Three were identified as acrosin-binding sp32 (pI 6.5), and two triosephosphate isomerase isoforms (pI 7.1 and 7.9). At present, however, proteonomic analysis has not revealed any kinase at Mr 32,000. Immunoprecipitation experiments show that p32 and TK-32 are different molecules, as TK-32 activity remains in the supernatant of the antiphosphotyrosine precipitates. Finally, in-gel renaturation and immunoblotting suggest that TK-32 is a mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK). The discovery of p32 and the MAPK-like TK-32 provides new insight regarding the mechanisms underlying capacitation in the pig.