- Date de publication : 2017-11-27
Gasse C, Boutin A, Coté M, Chaillet N, Bujold E, Demers S. First-trimester mean arterial blood pressure and the risk of preeclampsia: The Great Obstetrical Syndromes (GOS) study. Pregnancy Hypertens. 2017;:. doi: 10.1016/j.preghy.2017.11.005. PubMed PMID: 29175170.
To estimate the predictive value of first-trimester mean arterial pressure (MAP) for the hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (HDP).We performed a prospective cohort study of nulliparous women recruited at 110/7-136/7 weeks. MAP was calculated from blood pressure measured on both arms simultaneously using an automated device taking a series of recordings until blood pressure stability was reached. MAP was reported as multiples of the median adjusted for gestational age. Participants were followed for development of gestational hypertension (GH), preeclampsia (PE), preterm PE (<37 weeks) and early-onset (EO) PE (<34 weeks). Receiver operating characteristic curves and the area under the curve (AUC) were used to estimate the predictive values of MAP. Multivariate logistic regressions were used to develop predictive models combining MAP and maternal characteristics.We obtained complete follow-up in 4700 (99%) out of 4749 eligible participants. GH without PE was observed in 250 (5.3%) participants, and PE in 241 (5.1%), including 33 (0.7%) preterm PE and 10 (0.2%) EO-PE. First-trimester MAP was associated with GH (AUC: 0.77; 95%CI: 0.74-0.80); term PE (0.73; 95%CI: 0.70-0.76), preterm PE (0.80; 95%CI: 0.73-0.87) and EO-PE (0.79; 95%CI: 0.62-0.96). At a 10% false-positive rate, first-trimester MAP could have predicted 39% of GH, 34% of term PE, 48% of preterm PE and 60% of EO-PE. The addition of maternal characteristics improved the predictive values (to 40%, 37%, 55% and 70%, respectively).First-trimester MAP is a strong predictor of GH and PE in nulliparous women.