- Date de publication : 1998-12-29
Sériès F, Marc I. Effects of inspiratory and expiratory positive pressure difference on airflow dynamics during sleep. J. Appl. Physiol. 1998;85:1855-62. PubMed PMID: 9804591.
electroencephalography electromyography humans intermittent positive-pressure breathing middle aged positive-pressure respiration respiratory mechanics respiratory muscles sleep sleep apnea syndromes
We measured the effects of dissociating inspiratory and expiratory positive pressure (PI and PE, respectively) on the inspiratory flow limitation pattern and on genioglossus (GG) activity in nine sleep apnea patients. Measurements were made at two different levels of PI with stepwise increases in PE. Flow-limited breaths were observed during each recording session. In six of nine subjects, maximal inspiratory flow (VImax) was correlated with the difference between PI and PE (correlations were negative in 5 subjects, positive in 1 subject). In three other patients, VImax was not influenced by the amount of pressure difference. A positive relationship between tonic and/or phasic GG electromyographic activities and PI-PE difference was observed at least at one PI level in all patients. This correlation was observed independently of the presence or absence of any relationship between VImax and the amount of pressure difference. Our results suggest that increasing the PI-PE difference (i.e., decreasing PE) may be associated with a significant worsening in inspiratory flow limitation and that the VImax-pressure difference behavior is not dependent on the GG electromyographic-pressure response.